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Cats

Cats are very independent animals and a great many are loners. They have their own way of doing things and expect their owner or carer to do exactly what they want as soon as they demand it. If you have a cat or cats in the household there is a distinct feeling that the house belongs to the cat. Cats are full of character and individuality, make wonderful pets and companions and there is never a dull moment with a cat in the house.

  It is important that there is always fresh water available, particularly if dry food is fed. Cats cannot be vegetarians, they must have meat or fish in their diet because, unlike most other animals, they are unable to synthesise the essential amino acid taurine, so this must be provided in the food, it is found in meat and fish, but no vegetable matter.

Note : the appearance of the ‘third eyelid’ in one or both eyes may be an indication of illness, a chronic and debilitating disease (chronic prolonged cat flue for example), or just general debility and weakness and possible cause should be investigated.

Length of gestation 63 days

 

SPECIFIC DISEASES AND CONDITIONS

 

Abscesses

Useful in the early stages when there is much swelling and redness around the abscess, which has a shiny and angry look about it Apis 30c dose every hour up to 4 times daily until the abscess bursts or subsides.

 

Use instead of Apis in the early stages if accompanied by a fever with a raised temperature Belladonna 30c dose every 2 – 4 hours until relief or the abscess bursts

 

To stop development if possible Hepar Sulph 30c dose every 4 hours ( 4 times daily) for w few days until improved. The remedy is also useful when the abscess persists or recurs frequently, dose three times daily for up to a week, and repeat after a few days if necessary.

 

In the later stages to help the abscess to burst Hepar Sulph 6c dose every four hours (four times daily) for a few days until improved.

 

Alopecia (hair loss)

Occurs in some males and females after neutering, hair loss can be accompanied by skin irritation and in some cases eczema which leads to licking and biting affected areas.

 

A good general treatment which helps in many cases  Nat Mur 30c dose twice daily for 7 – 15 days and repeat after 10 – 15 days only if there has been an improvement and further treatment is likely to lead to a resolution of the case.

 

All these remedies are useful for treating the condition, but should only be used as directed by a homeopath Ovarium, Testosterone, Thyroidinum, Selenium, Ustillago.

 

Cat Flu (feline influenza)

 

Veterinary attention required

Homeopathic nosodes are also available for the prevention (sometimes for the treatment of) of cat flu.

 

Remedies

At the first signs of cold or flu symptoms or if appearing to be generally unwell Aconite 30c dose every 1 – 3 hours up to 4 – 6 times

 

Follows aconite well if there is a rise in temperature or any other signs of fever Belladonna 30c dose every 2 – 4 hours 4 – 6 times daily until improved or change to a more appropriate remedy

 

Additional remedies: change to one that matches the symptom picture most accurately (e.g. for running eyes, sneezing, coughs etc).

 

The recommended remedy for human flu, use if symptoms are typical Gelsemium 30c dose four times daily for 4 – 7 days until symptoms subside.

 

Flu symptoms plus a dry harsh cough brought on by any movement Bryonia 6c dose 3 – 4 times daily for 4 -7 days until improved.

 

Respiration noticeably increased, short and gasping, and can lead to pneumonia if not treated promptly. Niggling, tickling cough, worse in cold air Phosphorous 30c dose 3 – 4 times daily for 4 – 7 days until improved

 

Streaming eyes, appears hot and thirsty, throat often affected too Allium Cepa 30c dose four times daily (every four hours) for 2 – 5 days until improved.

 

Painful joints, stiffness, restless, eased by slight movement Rhus Tox 6c dose every 2 – 4 hours (6 doses daily) for a few weeks until symptoms subside.

 

Fading Kittens

Immediate veterinary attention required, this is necessary to correct dehydration if kittens refuse to suckle

There are a number of different causes for this condition including hypothermia, bacterial infection through milk or umbilical cord, inadequate milk or failure by the dam to release milk, inability to suck and various viral conditions.

Main symptoms

Continual crying, moving away from dam, inability to such, loss of body temperature, followed by dehydration and death. In addition to conventional treatment homeopathic remedies can be used to support and build up a kitten’s strength to combat the condition, it is quite safe to administer the appropriate remedy wven to tiny kittens.

 

Homeopathic remedies

Useful for weak kittens who are both dehydrated and debilitated Phosphoric Acid 6c – 30c dose every 10 – 15 minutes for the first hour and then every 2 – 4 hours for the next day or two, if necessary until improved.

 

Use as an alternative to Phos Ac, or possibly to follow it China 3c or 6c dose as above.

 

For restless, cold, weak kittens, possibly with diarrhoea Arsenicum Alb 6 c or 30c dose as for Phos Ac.

 

Use if the kittens are collapsed and appear close to death Carbo Veg 6c or 30c dose every 5 – 15 minutes for up to 4 – 6 doses and then if improving, change to another more appropriate remedy as indicated by the symptoms.

 

Feline Chlamydial Infection

Main symptoms

Acute conjunctivitis with either watery or thick, purulent discharges, these can be severe in young kittens, the condition may be accompanied by sneezing

Remedies

The conjunctiva (inner side of the eyelid) is very reddened sometime the third eyelid is swollen and there is a thick, purulent discharge. This remedy suits nervous animals who are afraid of being handled Arg Nit 30c dose 1 – 2 times daily for 5 – 10 days

 

Useful when both eyes and nose are involved. The discharges are thick and yellow Kali Bich 30c dose 2 – 3 times daily for 5 – 10 days

 

Useful as a prevention when infection is present, particularly in young kittens Chlamydial Nosode 30c is available and can be used at the same time as an indicated remedy, dose once daily for 7 – 10 days until improved

 

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

Treatment of FIV affected cats varies with the severity of the symptoms. Acute cases may be treated according to the main presenting symptoms (e.g. gingivitis, conjunctivitis, sneezing etc). the remedies may be safely given in addition to any treatment prescribed by the vet. Chronic cases may well respond to constitutional treatment from a homeopath.

 

Following diagnosis by a vet, this remedy should help to improve the cat’s general condition and support the immune system Baptisia 3c, 6c, or 30c dose every two hours up to six times on the first day then 3 – 4 times daily until the appetite returns and the general condition improves.

 

Supports the action of other indicated remedies FIV nosode this can only be acquired from a homeopath dose once daily for 5 – 7 days

 

Feline Infectious Enteritis (FIE)

(feline panleucopenia, feline distemper, feline parvovirus)

Veterinary attention should be sought

FIE is a hardy virus and can survive in the environment for up to a year, it is difficult to eradicate from a premises and very strong disinfectants are necessary to kill it. Kittens are highly susceptible to FIE and usually contract the disease from 1 – 3 months of age.

 

Remedies

A good all round remedy for the condition, the symptoms of FIE match those of this remedy well in many cases Ars Alb 30c dose hourly for 4 – 6 doses with whichever potency is available, then continue with the 30c 3 – 4 times daily for 4 – 7 days until improved.

 

Follows the first few doses of Ars Alb well if there is some improvement, but the animal vomits soon after taking a little food or water Phosphorus 30c dose 2 – 3 times daily for several days until improved

 

If recovery is slow, other remedies have not worked effectively and diarrhoea persists Baptisia 6c or 30c dose 2 – 3 times daily for several days until improved

 

Useful if there is dehydration and weakness after using other remedies; it may be used beneficially at the same time as other remedies Cinchona (china) 6c or 30c dose 4 – 6 times daily for 2 – 4 days

 

FIE nosode 30c is available and affords protection from the disease. It should be used under the guidance of a homeopath.

 

Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)

Immediate veterinary attention required.

This is a complex viral infection, many cats become infected with the feline Coronavirus (FCoV) but only about 10% of these develop FIP. Some cats can live for months after the disease becomes apparent but unfortunately the outcome is fatal and it is a very contagious virus. Humans and other animals are not affected by this virus.

Virus spreads from cat to cat in faeces, and possibly through sharing feed bowls, through saliva, from sneezing and mutual grooming.

Symptoms

The abdomen becomes swollen as fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity, cat loses weight making backbone and ribs stand out. Fluid can also gather in chest causing breathing difficulties. In the dry form there is a rise in temperature, loss of appetite and in many cases abnormalities of the eyes develops. Other symptoms include jaundice, difficulty breathing, sickness and diarrhoea.

Homeopathic Nosode: There is a nosode available for the prevention/treatment of FIP.

 

Remedies

Note: fluid replacement therapy for dehydration is essential and should be carried out by a vet.

Homeopathic remedies can be helpful as a supportive therapy to relieve individual symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhoea.

 

This remedy supports the immune system and helps to improve the cat’s general condition Baptisia 3c, 6c or 30c dose 3 – 4 times daily for a few days lowering the dose or ceasing altogether if there is improvement and repeating as necessary.

 

Apis, Cantharic, Lycopodium, Tuberculinum Bovinum  and other remedies may help to alleviate the various symptoms but should be used under the guidance of a homeopath.

FIP Nosode 30c prepared from the infected fluid taken from the abdominal cavity is a available to protect against the disease in susceptible animals. It should be used under the guidance of a homeopath.

 

Feline Leukaemia (FeLV)

Immediate veterinary attention required

FeLV infection suppresses the immune system, and facilitates the entry into the body of viruses and bacteria, and is found in the saliva of affected cats. FeLV has a long incubation period which may extend to months or even years in some cases.

Symptoms

Fever, weakness, loss of appetite, wasting, anaemia and reduced resistance to disease. There may be vomiting and/or diarrhoea. Cancers are also associated with FeLV infection, the most common of which are known as lymphosarcomas, these may be found in the lymph glands e.g. swellings developing under the chin, in the small intestine or in the kidneys. Tumours may also develop in the eyes.

Homeopathic nosodes are available for the protection and/or treatment of feline leukaemia.

 

Remedies

This remedy supports the immune system and helps to improve the cat’s general condition Baptisia 3c, 6c or 30c every two hours up to six times on the first day, then 3 – 4 times daily until the appetite returns and the general condition improves.

 

Following diagnosis Ars Alb, Ars Iodatum, Iodum, Calc Flour and Ceanothus and various other remedies may be helpful in the treatment of this disease

 

FLV Nosode 30c is available and supports the action of other indicated remedies.

 

Fur Balls (Hairballs)

Fur balls are fairly common, especially in long haired cays, they tend to occur if there is excessive grooming for any reason (fleas, dietary causes) leading to much hair loss. This is swallowed and gradually forms a solid mass in the cat’s stomach causing digestive upsets. Other signs include sudden loss of appetite, state of unease and retching or attempts to vomit. Cats should have access to grass, they will eat when they need to and vomit.

Remedies

A daily dose of this remedy in the morning for a few days, or a week or two if necessary, around the time of moulting, can be helpful in preventing this condition. Nux Vomica 6c dose 3 – 4 times daily for a day or two until symptoms are relieved

to shorten the moulting period Sulphur 30c dose once or twice a week for 2 – 4 weeks, while moulting is taking place.

 

Milliary Eczema

Military eczema is a form of dermatitis and homeopathic remedies can be a useful treatment

Symptoms

The development of very small pimples or scabs, usually around the neck, along the back, at the base of the tail and sometimes also in the groin, this leads to skin irritation and mild to severe licking, biting and scratching the affected areas.

The remedies listed below may be repeated as indicated if improvement is not complete, however, if there has been no response to a remedy it should not be continued and the symptoms and treatment reassessed.

 

Remedies

Pimples, vesicles (blisters) and pustules which are firm and homey-coloured scabs Antimonium Crudum 6c dose twice daily for 10 days, repeat after 10 days if necessary.

 

Intense irritation with blisters and small ulcers on the skin Mezereum 6c or 30c dose twice daily for ten days if necessary

 

Chronic wet rather than dry, lesions behind the ears and in the groin. The discharge is honey coloured and sticky and there may be an offensive odour Graphites 6c dose twice daily for 7 – 10 days repeat after three weeks if necessary.

 

Dry eczema with many little pimples under the hair, these may have yellow scabs which do not discharge. Some irritation Calc Sulph 6c dose 2 – 3 times daily for 7 – 10 days repeat after 3 weeks if necessary.

 

Useful if there is much irritation all over and evidence of flea infestation (very small black flea droppings on the skin at the base of the tail and in the groin region Pulex 30c a remedy made from the flea, dose twice daily for 7 – 10 days. Repeat after 10 – 14 days if necessary.

 

Various skin remedies such as Ars Alb or Sulphur may be needed to control this condition and if in doubt consult a homeopath.

 

Spraying

This is a normal activity and a social problem rather than a disease, particularly entire males who like to mark their territory. Unsprayed females, neutered males and females may also mark their boundaries. Introduction of another cat into the household may be a reason for a cat to start spraying.

 

Remedies

Useful if the spraying is due to agitation or fear, or if the cat feels threatened Stramonium 30c dose once daily for 1 – 6 weeks if necessary until there is improvement. Repeat 7 – 10 days if there is a relapse.

 

If the cat is ;grieving’ from the death or separation from the owner or another cat Ignatia 30c dose twice daily for 5 – 7 days as necessary and repeat in 10 – 14 days, only if the problem persists and the use of the remedy has helps.

 

For resentment of any kind, possibly the arrival of another animal or human into the house can trigger ‘marking’ Staphysagria 30c dose twice daily for 5 – 7 days as necessary and repeat in 10 – 14 days, only if the problem persists and the use of the remedy has helped.

 

Useful for the older cat who is confused and showing signs of senility, leading to ‘accidents’ Baryta Carb 30c dose twice daily for 5 – 10 days stopping with improvement and repeating when necessary

 

You may also consider Aurum, Platina, Lachesis, Arg Nit, Pulsatilla, or Nux Vomica, according to prescribing symptoms.

 

Stud Tail

A skin condition seen usually in entire male cat’s, but can also occur in females and neutered cats. There is excessive secretion from the sebaceous glands situated at the base of the tail on the upper surface.

Symtoms

Appearance of sticky yellow oily discharge at the base of the tail, may lead to irritation and persistent biting, licking or rubbing the affected area. The lesions may become infected and there may be hair loss.

 

Remedies

For wet eczema, with red skin, swelling and much irritation Merc Sol 6c or 30c dose twice daily for 5 – 10 days until improvement. Repeat after 7 – 10 days if necessary

 

For wet eczema with a sticky honey-coloured discharge, the condition tends to recur, may become infected and takes a long time to heal Graphites 6c dose 2 – 3 times daily for 5 – 7 days. Repeat after 7 – 10 days if necessary.

 

If the lesion becomes infected and there is an offensive smell and much irritation Hepar Sulph 6c or 30c dose 2 – 3 times daily for 5 – 7 days. Repeat after 7 – 10 days if necessary.

 

For the chronic case when the lesions are reluctant to heal Silica 6c or 30c dose twice daily for two to four weeks until improved.

 

Urinary Calculus

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease – FLUD

(Feline Urological Syndrome – FUS, Sediment, Gravel, Bladder Stones)

Veterinary diagnosis and treatment necessary

Relatively common in neutered males but also occurs in females. Cause not really known but viruses and a diet consisting completely of dry food have been suggested. In cat’s who eat dry food and do not drink enough water, urine production is reduced leading to concentration and formation of ‘gravel’ or sediment. Eventually bladder stones pr calculi may occur.

Symptoms

Crouching, discomfort, straining, the passing of drops or dribbles of urine, there may be blood in the urine the cat will be depressed. Dehydration, toxaemia and death may follow.

 

Remedies

To give relief nd promote normal urination Sabal Serrulata 6c dose every hour up to 4 – 6 times a day for 2 – 3 days as soon as the condition is diagnosed.

 

For the older cat: This remedy acts on the liver, which when is not functioning normally can predispose to the formation of gravel or bladder stones Lycopodium 6c or 12c  dose twice daily for 14 – 21 days until symptoms are relieved.

 

A useful remedy for any of the above symptoms Berberis 6c or 12c dose twice daily for 14 – 21 days until symptoms are relieved

 

Many of the calculi consist of phosphates, this remedy will help to reduce the production of such calculi Calc Phos 30c dose once a week for 6 – 8 weeks.

 

For the treatment of deposits of sediment or gravel, following diagnosis Thlaspi Bursa 6c dose three times daily for 10 – 14 days until symptoms are relieved

 

Prevention

Calc Phos 30c given for a few days each month can help to prevent or reduce the occurrence of this condition.

 

Also look at my pages on General conditions for other diseases/conditions that could affect the cat.

 

 

 

 

 

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